Maintenance structure RP 107
|Project :||Activités diverses|
|Finance by :||FIDA|
|Start of intervention :||November 2005|
|End of intervention :||October 2006|
The Upper Mandrare Basin is the rice granary of the Anosy region with its thousands of hectares of rice and cassava. This zone is connected to the rest of Amboasary district and the Anosy region by the RIP 107 road. Making this road passable and accessible for a large part of the year is therefore of paramount importance both for the development of the area and for food security in the region.
RIP 107 was able to benefit from the financing of the Transport Sector Program (TSP) and the provisional acceptance of the work took place in August 2004. The post-warranty maintenance arrangements had to be put in place for the road to play its role as a precursor to development, and a workshop for the perpetuation of RIP 107 was organized in July 2004 in Amboasary.
Following the recommendations of this workshop, the PHBM project requested the collaboration of the NGO Lalana for the establishment of a road protection and maintenance system, based on the participation of local residents, and with the involvement of the authorities and stakeholders (economic operators, transporters, local associations, development operators).
Province of Toliary: 6 rural communes in the fivondronana of Amboasary South and Ambovombe
The results expected from the support of the NGO Lalana were :
- One or more local structures for the maintenance of RIP 107, formalized at the level of the administrative authorities.
It was decided to create a single structure for the maintenance of the whole RIP 107. The Constitutive General Assembly held in February 2006 was constituted by representatives of the concerned and beneficiaries: communal authorities, transporters and traders, development agencies and projects (FAFAFI, PHBM, Hevitra Maro), and civil society (Catholic Mission, Tranoben'ny Tantsaha).
The maintenance structure is called LOVASOA, and is officially registered with the Province.
- The control body is at two levels:
the auditor for the internal control which is ensured by the local authorities (the mayors, the Heads of Administrative Districts and the gendarmerie);
a control and monitoring committee which ensures external control, and which is composed of representatives of the Region, the District of the DPTP and the Gendarmerie.
- A system of protection of RIP 107 composed of rain barriers, gatekeepers governed by regional or provincial decrees
- 7 rain barriers are planned, to be installed at the ends of the axis, at the crossroads and town centres. The operation of the system awaits the release of the regional decree on rain barriers, the draft decree of which was submitted on February 12, 2006 to the province, the DPTP Tuléar and on November 22, 2006 to the Anosy region. The financing of the salaries of the gatekeepers has yet to be determined.
- A financing system composed of tolls and funds obtained from other financing (Road Maintenance Fund, Regional Development Fund, others)
According to the recommendations of the July 2004 workshop in Amboasary, tolls will be one of the main sources of maintenance funding. Tariffs for each type of vehicle, the organization of toll collection and toll management procedures were defined by the General Assembly. The Region will participate actively in the management and control of this fund. The start of toll collection awaits the issue of the regional decree, the draft text of which was submitted in February 2006 to the Province of Tuléar and in November 2006 for the Anosy Region.
- A maintenance and upkeep system based on the participation of local residents
In addition to the works financed by the RMF, it is planned to set up 6 technical maintenance units at the level of the communes, i.e. one unit for each commune crossed. These units will be equipped with small equipment and will carry out the cantonal works and the points on time. A basic training on cantonment is planned once toll collection has started.